The Messaging and Data Exchange Protocol of the IoT - MQTT
Yaani PatelJuly 22, 20226 min reads
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MQTT is an OASIS standard messaging protocol for the Internet of Things (IoT). It is designed as an extremely lightweight publish/subscribe messaging transport that is ideal for connecting remote devices with a small code footprint and minimal network bandwidth. MQTT today is used in a wide variety of industries, such as automotive, manufacturing, telecommunications, oil and gas, etc.
Lightweight and Efficient
MQTT clients are very small, require minimal resources so can be used on small microcontrollers. MQTT message headers are small to optimize network bandwidth.
MQTT allows for messaging between device to cloud and cloud to device. This makes for easy broadcasting messages to groups of things.
Scale to Millions of Things
MQTT can scale to connect with millions of IoT devices.
- Reliable Message Delivery
Reliability of message delivery is important for many IoT use cases. This is why MQTT has 3 defined quality of service levels: 0 - at most once, 1- at least once, 2 - exactly once
Support for Unreliable Networks
Many IoT devices connect over unreliable cellular networks. MQTT’s support for persistent sessions reduces the time to reconnect the client with the broker.
MQTT makes it easy to encrypt messages using TLS and authenticate clients using modern authentication protocols, such as OAuth.