Best SAP Interview Questions for 2023

Nidhi Inamdar|December 27, 2022|18 Minute read|
/ / Best SAP Interview Questions for 2023



The system, Applications, and Products in Data Processing are the abbreviation for SAP. With its corporate headquarters in Walldorf, Germany, it is a German business that was established in 1972. With more than 4 million clients, it is currently the leading provider of ERP solutions in the globe. Additionally, it provides services to 180 nations worldwide.  


By providing a range of enterprise resource planning and cloud storage modules that are adapted to particular business needs, SAP has successfully changed how businesses operate. As you can clearly see in our blog SAP trends in 2022. From its modest beginnings as a small software company to its current status as a multibillion-dollar global corporation that oversees the daily business of multiple clients, SAP has traveled a long way. The introduction of the SAP HANA database and its most recent module, SAP S/4HANA, allowed SAP to effortlessly integrate cloud computing and offer a leading software platform for enterprise resource planning (ERP) to streamline business processes.  
Given that SAP careers offer very lucrative and satisfying jobs for SAP technical skills, it makes sense why the field has become increasingly talent-rich. This page includes a list of the most common SAP interview questions and in-line answers to those questions and answers your important question of

How can I prepare for an SAP interview? 

What is SAP in simple terms?  

One of the most well-known companies in the world that offers software solutions for managing corporate operations is SAP. The business creates products that facilitate the efficient handling of data and the transfer of information between companies. The company's original name was System Analysis Program Development, but when it was founded in 1972, it was abbreviated to SAP.  

Identify the various SAP modules.  

Below is a list of SAP's numerous modules:  

  • BW (Business Warehousing) (Business Warehousing)  
  • CO(Controlling)  
  • EC (Enterprise Controlling) (Enterprise Controlling)  
  • FI (Financial Accounting) (Financial Accounting) 
  • HR (Human Resource) (Human Resource)  
  • IM (Investment Management) (Investment Management)  
  • MM (Materials Management) (Materials Management)  
  • PM (Plant Maintenance) (Plant Maintenance) 
  • PP (Production Planning) (Production Planning)  
  • Quality Management SD (QM) (Sales and Distribution)  
  • TR(Treasury)  

Along with the ever-growing list of modules mentioned above, SAP also provides a wide range of services that are specialized for different industries.  

  1. What does ERP stand for?  
    An effective method for managing a company's resources is called enterprise resource planning (ERP). It organizes procedures and makes it easier for information to move between various sections of a company.  

  2. What different types of ERP are there?     
    The following are the various types of Siebel
    - SAP
    - Microsoft Dynamics  
    - JD Edwards 
    - Baan     

  3. What class of database is SAP?  

    No. In actuality, SAP is a program that makes use of databases from Oracle, Microsoft SQL Server, and other sources.  
  4. Are there a maximum number of SAP sessions you may operate on simultaneously?  

    You may engage in a maximum of six sessions for an individual customer at any given time.  
  5. What exactly are master data, transaction data, and metadata?  

    Metadata - 
    Information concerning data is referred to as "metadata." It offers details on Metaobjects and the hierarchical structure of data.       

    Master data - This information includes crucial facts about the business, including information about the clients, staff, and assets, among other things. Instead of continuously asking for the client's delivery address if a consumer buys 10 units of your product, you can get the same information from the Consumer Master Data.  
    Transactional data - This material relates to the common business transactions that occur.  
  6. What precisely is a transaction in SAP lingo?  

    The phrase simply indicates a collection of connected dialogue phases when used to describe an SAP transaction.   
  7. Can we run our business warehouse without SAP R/3?  

    In fact, a business warehouse can operate effectively with or without R/3 installation. You have two options for connecting your raw data to other sources of information: either you transfer structures associated with business warehousing sources of data (ODS tables, Info cubes), to the received data files, or you use third-party solutions.    
  8. What exactly do you mean by "Datasets"?  

    Within files that are processed by the application server, the data sets are arranged sequentially. In the SAP system, they are utilized for file management.   
  9. What specific variables are there?  

    Variables are part of a query that is defined in the assessment query specification, but they are not filled with data until the workbooks are loaded with the results.  
  10. List the various types of variables.  

    The following variables are utilized in many applications: 
    - Characteristic Variables 
    - Formulas  
    - Hierarchies  
    - Nodes in a hierarchy  
    - Types of Processing  
    - User entry  
    - Default type for Replacement Path  
    - Text    
  11. Outline the variations between OLAP and data mining.   

    OLAP - OLAP, which refers to "Online Analytical Processing," refers to a reporting tool that can be used to understand the dimensions, content, and structure of your database.  
    Data Analysis - Data mining is the process of examining data in order to find recurring patterns or logical relationships between various variables.    

  12. What three steps constitute data mining?  

    Three steps make up the data mining process.    
    - Initial Research  
    - Building a scale model   
    - Deployment  
  13. Describe the many levels of the R/3 system.  

    The several layers of the R/3 system include     
    - Presentation Stack  
    - Repository stack  
    - Stack for implementation 
  14. Explain the steps involved in generating a table in the data dictionary.  

    To build a record in the database structure, you must go through this stage.     
    - Launching fresh domains 
    - Generating datasets  
    - Laying out tables 
  15. Mention the role ODS plays in BIW.  

    Data from aggregated and debugged transactions is kept in an ODS object at the document level. It's a term used to describe a body of information that has been gathered from many sources. The contents of this dataset can be examined either using an Infoset query or a Bex query.    
  16. The definition of AWB.  

    Administrator Workbench is referred to by this acronym. It serves as a framework for evaluating, controlling, and maintaining all processes related to the execution and storage of data in financial data warehousing.  
  17. Describe what a Bex is.  

    "Business Explorer" is referred to as "Bex." Due to the tool's many features, the end user can search for reports, look at data, view reports, and perform queries. The queries that are contained in the workbook may be saved in the Bex browser under the relevant categories. The Bex site, the Bex analyzer, and the Bex Map are their component parts.  
  18. What makes a domain different from a data element?  

    Data component  - It is a type of object that falls between the table type and the domain.    

    Domain - It describes the probable value ranges as well as characteristics like length and kind.     

  19. What distinguishes Set and Get parameters from one another?  

    Values need to be "Set" into a global memory region before being "Get" using parameter IDs. Before you may "receive" information for display fields while using the web application, you must first "Set" those values for the display fields.  
  20. Justify the definitions of ALE, IDOC, EDI, and RFC.  

    Application Linking Enabling is referred to as ALE.  Electronic data interchange is what EDI stands for.  Intermediary papers are referred to as IDOCs.  RFC, or remote function call, stands for.   
  21. Describe the LUW (Logical Unit of Work) concept. 

    When system entries are modified, by either submitting or rolling back changes, it is referred to as the LUW. 
  22. Mention the BDC abbreviation. How many BDC techniques are there?  

    Batch Data Communication is referred to by the acronym "BDC." The following are the BDC's procedures: 
    - Using the Direct Input Method  
    - Method for Batch Input Sessions  
    - Transaction method for calls    
  23. Give a more precise definition of "one-time vendors."  

    It is not practical to create new master records for every vendor or trading partner in various areas of the economy. When submitting an invoice, the one-time vendor functionality allows the use of a fictitious vendor code. In addition, the data that would ordinarily be saved in the linked-to business is directly inserted into the invoice.  
  24. Inform us of the various database types, including internal, check, value, and transparent. 

    Internal - It is an object of the common data type, and it only exists while the program is running. 

    Check - The table will be examined, and each field will be checked separately. 

    Value - At the domain level, the values table will undergo value checking.  

    Transparent - In both the dictionary and the database, the transparent database will have the same design and columns.   

  25. What do the software, interface, and database systems for SAP R/3 look like?  

    The application layer of the R/3 system is composed of the messaging server and the server application. R/3 applications are run on application servers. Application servers communicate with one another, with the database, and with interface modules using the message server. All of the data is housed on a single server, known as a database server, which is a particular type of server.  The above-mentioned were mostly SAP interview questions for freshers. Below you will also find questions for more experienced SAP candidates.    

SAP Interview Questions for Experienced  

  1. What does the pushdown of SAP codes involve? 

    Code pushdown is used to send computations that require a lot of data to the underlying database. Only those computations that are completely essential will be saved in the database; the rest won't be needed. If you only want to find the bill amounts in one spot, for instance, you don't need to use looping to calculate the sum of all invoice locations. An efficient way to do this is by using a database aggregation technique.  
  2.  Explain the SAP portal.  

    The SAP Enterprise Portal (SAP EP) provides users with better accessibility to all of the processes, services, and products that are housed inside SAP infrastructures as well as web-based accessibility that is suited to their duties. Workers only need a desktop pc and a web-based application, and once they've identified themselves via the gateway, they may start working right away. This product contains the NetWeaver components of Gateway, Connectivity, and Organizational Learning. The SAP system also makes pre-defined material available. The portfolio currently includes more than one hundred business bundles, which can all be supplied in a variety of languages.  
    The biggest advantage of adopting this platform is the capacity to use numerous Java Server Pages (JSP) concurrently. You can manage many projects on one page by using views, which can each be a JSP part or a website URL that communicates with the J2EE server.  
    It can also be used with software that is not platform specific. Many other apps, such as Microsoft Outlook and others, can be managed with it.  

  3. What components makeup SAP S/4HANA?  
    The SAP S/4HANA enterprise resource planning (ERP) software platform, which is based on SAP HANA, enables companies to conduct real-time business data analysis and execute ERP trades.  
    S/4HANA is superior to its predecessors in terms of user and administrator friendliness, making it perfect for managing massive volumes of data at once and solving complex problems.
    In addition to allowing for on-premises, cloud, or hybrid deployments, SAP is pressing its clients to adopt the cloud deployment paradigm.  
    Businesses generally utilize SAP S/4HANA for the integration and real-time administration of company processes including sales, accounting, sourcing, human resource management, support, and production.    
  4. Tell us about the SAP launchpad.  

    Accessing a business solution that offers a launchpad site that is customized and depending on the user's action is made simpler by the SAP launchpad. A business will be able to create a centralized location for SAP, bespoke applications, outside services, and other software types, on both and in the cloud, thanks to this service.  
  5. The SAP Launchpad service provides the following capabilities:  

    Applications Integration - With infinite connectivity to a wide range of user interface techniques and third-party software packages, it provides a consolidated entry point for tasks and apps.  
    Simple to use and entertaining user experience - It offers a personalized and role-based launchpad in addition to a flexible data structure that complies with SAP Fiori 3 design standards.  

    Integration Services - This solution includes integration with key SAP BTP services including email and cloud identity services.  

    Adaptability - It is viewed as a flexible basis for changes that may be made with the help of base extensions and unique branding.    

  6. An accurate definition of a posting key  

    - The posting key, a two-statistical number, is used to specify the type of transaction when it is entered into a line item. It chooses the different posting types, the layout of the input windows, and the different account types.
    - Special posting keys may be useful for posting described processes to the general ledger. 
    The following are some examples of posting keys:  
    - You will be permitted to utilize the standard posting and to amend or modify it in line with the demands placed on you by the business organization.
    - Delivering the normal posting key is the responsibility of the standard SAP system.  
    - You can control the document elements in a certain line item by using the posting keys offered by SAP.  
    - It chooses whether the funds should be recorded on the account's credit or debit side.   
  7. How can we create a CMC link for Online Analytical Processing (OLAP)?  

    Starting with SAP BO 4.0, a BICS connection, often known as an OLAP connection, can be used to link a BEX query. The Centralized Control Console or the Information Design Tool can be used to help construct and save the OLAP connection.  
    The connectivity will be built into the foundation of either the search query or the cube if it will only be used for one Cube, one Search, or one Multi-provider.
    If this doesn't happen, a connection will be created just on the BI platform that can be used to connect to any BEx query. One advantage of making a connection on the business analytics server is that only one OLAP link is required for all BO reports.   
  8. What advantages may SQL script offer?  

    Since SQL scripts may be archived and loaded at any time, they are more practical to deal with.  
    There are no manually entered instructions, so there is no potential for error in the procedure.
    The overall mistake rate is lowered as a result.  
    We can choose to execute the SQL script when it is more suitable for us or when nobody else is available to do so.  
    In a SQL script, a local variable can be created to store the interim result.  
    Table types that can be specified either locally or globally as parameters in a SQL statement.  
  9. What products does SAP provide?  

    Numerous SAP products are divided into different categories. SAP products consist of 

    Ariba - It's an intriguing strategy that's housed in the cloud and lets buyers and sellers interact with one another to make deals on a single platform. It has made business procedures simpler, which has improved the company's entire vendor management system. The company has saved money as a result of these advancements. Ariba will cause a digital transformation of your contractual management, supplier management, and purchasing processes. 

    SuccessFactors - Businesses may manage numerous HR duties more easily with SuccessFactors, a cloud-based human resources management solution. The SuccessFactors platform is built upon the SaaS model. It was created largely with the intention of meeting the needs of organizations at the enterprise level. 

    Fieldglass - It is cloud-hosted and includes an accessible VMS, both of which let businesses, among other things, manage, locate, pay, and engage vendors. SAP Fieldglass can interact with on-premises SAP applications in an infinite number of ways using the SAP Cloud Platform Interfaces, SAP Process Management, or online apps.  

    Concur - With the use of SAP Concur solutions, you will be able to link all of your transportation expenses, expenditure, and seller bank statements in a uniform system. By providing a single method to control expenditure from the point of origin through delivery, encourage compliance, and streamline procedures for all parties, this will be achieved.  

    Fiori - Most SAP software packages now have a new user interface in place. It provides a selection of applications used in standard business activities. Financial applications, process authorization programs, information processing software, computing systems, and self-service implementations are a few examples of these applications. They offer access that is simple and intuitive across tablets, desktop PCs, and mobile devices.  

  10.  What is the best way to be prepared for the SAP interview?  

    It should not be surprising that there is more competition for talent given that those with the necessary technical aptitude can find career opportunities based on SAP that offer better pay and alluring benefits.
    As you get ready for the SAP interview questions, keep the following in mind: 
  • Look into the Position.  
  • Do some research on the company.  
  • Establish the interview's planned structure.  
  • Make inquiries about the interviewer (s).  
  • Prepare a list of inquiries for those conducting your interview.  
  • Make sure to properly review your CV before arriving for the interview. Include a few instances of your work along with any references or displays.  
  • Put your thoughts to work.
  • Finish on a strong note.    


There is no doubt that you will succeed in the SAP interview if you adequately prepare yourself on the aforementioned topics.    
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Also, read: What is SAP technology: Understanding its Modules and Advantages

Nidhi Inamdar

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