Functions in JavaScript

Ashish Kasama|December 5, 2022|3 Minute read|
Blog / Technology Posts / Functions in JavaScript



Functions are a key concept in JavaScript, and they are used to encapsulate a piece of reusable code. Functions allow developers to write code once and reuse it multiple times, which can save time and improve the organization of their code.

In JavaScript, a function is defined using the "function" keyword followed by the function name and a set of parentheses. The code that makes up the function is contained within curly braces. For example:

function greet() {
console.log("Hello, world!");

To call a function, you simply need to use its name followed by a set of parentheses. For example:


Functions can also accept arguments, which are values that are passed into the function when it is called. For example:

function greet(name) {
console.log("Hello, " + name + "!");

In this example, the function "greet" accepts an argument called "name", and it prints a personalized greeting when it is called.

Functions can also return a value using the "return" keyword. For example:

function add(x, y) {
return x + y;
var sum = add(5, 10);

In this example, the function "add" accepts two arguments, "x" and "y", and it returns their sum. The function is called with the values 5 and 10, and the result is stored in the variable "sum".

Functions are an important part of the JavaScript language, and they are used to encapsulate and reuse code in a variety of applications. Understanding how to use and create functions is an essential skill for any JavaScript developer.

Check out the rest of our series on Javascript by reading our other articles.

Introduction to JavaScript and its history

Setting up a development environment for JavaScript

Basic syntax and data types in JavaScript

Control structures (e.g. loops, conditionals) in JavaScript

Objects and object-oriented programming in JavaScript

Working with arrays in JavaScript

Asynchronous programming in JavaScript using promises and async/await

JavaScript libraries and frameworks (e.g. React, Angular, Vue.js)

Tips and best practices for optimizing JavaScript code

Debugging techniques for JavaScript

Working with APIs and making HTTP requests in JavaScript

Integrating JavaScript with web pages (e.g. DOM manipulation)

Building web applications with JavaScript

Deploying JavaScript applications

    Ashish Kasama


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